Rahoton IPCC zai sami babban sakamako a kan Shugabancin Yanayi

A ranar 6 ga Oktoba, 2018, Kwamitin Kare Kan Yanayi (IPCC) ya ba da wani rahoto na musamman mai taken World Warming of 1.5 ° C. Ainihin, rahoton yayi nazarin tasirin ƙaruwar 1.5 ° C a cikin matsakaicin matsakaici na duniya sama da matakan masana’antu, kuma dalla-dalla abin da ya kamata a yi don iyakance dumamar duniya zuwa 1.5 ° C.

Rahoton ya kammala da cewa mummunan tasirin da ke tattare da dumamar yanayi na 1.5 ° C zai iya zama mai sauƙin sarrafawa fiye da tasirin zafi na 2 ° C, kuma ƙarshen 1.5 ° C mai yiwuwa ne – kodayake yana da sauƙi. A cewar rahoton, an kiyasta ayyukan mutane sun haddasa kusan 1 ° C na dumamar yanayi. A halin yanzu na dumamun yanayi, hauhawar zazzabi a duniya yakamata ya isa matakin 1.5 ° C tsakanin 2030 zuwa 2052. Duk da haka, rahoton ya kuma kara da cewa za a iya hana karin karuwar 0,5 ° C ta hanyar rage gas din gas (GHG) a cikin shekaru 10 masu zuwa.

Don haka, watsi da daskarar carbon dioxide carbon dioxide (CO2) a duniya zai ragu da kimanin kashi 45 cikin dari nan da 2030 daga matakan 2010, kuma duk abubuwan da ke fitar da CO2 dole ne su daidaita ta hanyar kawar da anthropogenic CO2 nan da 2050. Kamar yadda rahotannin suka fada,

cimma nasarorin Manufar 1.5 ° C tana buƙatar juyawa a cikin makamashi, ƙasa, birane, ababen more rayuwa da tsarin masana’antu na ma’aunin da ba a taɓa gani ba. Amma, a cikin sa, hadarin da ke da nasaba da yanayi ga kiwon lafiya, abubuwan more rayuwa, tanadin abinci, samar da ruwa, tsaro na mutane da ci gaban tattalin arziki za a rage sosai.

Rahoton Duniya na 1.5 ° C na da alama yana da tasiri mai tasiri a siyasance da mulki a cikin shekaru masu zuwa, a matakin kasa da kasa da na gida.

IPCC: Playeraramin Playeraƙwalwa a cikin Shugabancin Sauyin yanayi
An kirkiro IPCC ne a cikin 1988 don samar wa duniya da “bayyanannen kimiya game da yanayin ilimin zamani a canjin yanayi da yuwuwar tasirin muhalli da tattalin arziƙi.” Saboda wannan cibiyar tana jin daɗin babban inganci, rahotonta gabaɗaya ya sami tasiri mai mahimmanci a matakin siyasa.

Releasedarshe game da rahoton ƙididdigar farko na IPCC ya kasance an sake shi a cikin 1990 kuma ya sa jihohi su fara tattaunawa kan yarjejeniyar kasa da kasa ta farko kan canjin yanayi (Yarjejeniyar Majalisar Dinkin Duniya kan Canjin yanayi) bayan shekara ɗaya. A cikin 1996, IPCC ta goyi bayan ra’ayoyin ƙasashe masu tasowa a rahotonta na biyu na ƙira, yana kira ga ƙasashe masu tasowa da su yi alƙawarin rage yawan manufofin rage darajar GHG.

Kwanan nan, tasirin aikin IPCC ya kasance a bayyane a cikin tattaunawar Yarjejeniyar Paris. Manufar rage tsawon lokaci da aka bayyana a cikin labarin 4.1 na yarjejeniya ya dogara ne akan shawarar da aka bayar akan rahoton kimantawa na IPCC na shekara ta 2014.

Duk da cewa rahoton IPCC na musamman na kwanannan ya fi kunkuntar rahoto fiye da rahoton kimantawa, tasirin sa na duniya da na gida zai yi yawa sosai.

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